That is why India has not strongly resisted China while attacking Tibet. Relations with China began to deteriorate when India, in 1959, hosted the spiritual leader of the Dalai Lama. The Panchsheel, or Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, was first officially signed on April 29, 1954 between India and the Tibet region of China. The agreement was signed between Jawaharlal Nehru, then Prime Minister, and the first Chinese Prime Minister, Chou En-Lai. The Panchsheel Pact had largely eased tensions between India and China. Under these agreements, trade and trust between India and China have strengthened. Meanwhile, slogans of the Hindi-Chinese brother were also raised. As co-initiators of panchsheel, it is our internationalist duty to move forward, to relaunch our friendly relations and to project the Five Principles for peace, progress and stability in the world. One of the most important themes today is the defence of the pluralistic world order, in which nations can develop, grow and prosper according to their own genius.
Jawaharlal Nehru noted in the 1950s that “every country should be free to develop in its own way, to learn from others and not to be imposed by them. Essentially, this requires a new mental approach. The Panchsheel and the Five Principles offer this approach. Today, we must create this mental approach that Panchsheel presented in a refreshing way in the 1950s, the golden years of Salino-Indian relations. We must work together so that the five principles, as Prime Minister Zhou En-Lai said, “radiate the whole world” in mutual interest and peace, friendship and cooperation between nations. The term “Panchsheel” is made up of Panch and Sheel, which means five principles or thoughts. At the beginning of the Tibetan uprising in 1959, the Dalai Lama and his followers fled Tibet with the help of the CIA to protect their lives in India. The Indian government granted them asylum, and that is it from here that the Panchsheel agreement between India and China broke down. This visit proved to be an important event at a critical time in Asian history. When I was young, I was lucky enough to experience the huge massive reception that Zhou En-Lai received in India. Everywhere he went, hundreds of thousands of people greeted the Chinese Prime Minister with the slogan “Hindi-Chini Bhai-Bhai-Bhai”.
In-depth discussions were held between the two Prime Ministers on how to bring peace to Asia, particularly in Southeast Asia, and how to extend the Dortareal region to the rest of the world. They concluded that it was not through military pacts and alliances that divided nations into a fierce cold war, but through the Five Principles or Panchsheel (recently signed between China and India) that a system of collective security or collective peace, as Nehru preferred to call it, could be established in Asia. They visualized panch-cheel agreements of this kind between China and Burma, Burma and India, China and Indonesia, then Indonesia and India, etc., and between as many countries as possible in Asia and the rest of the world. Panchsheel`s idea piqued the imagination of the people of Asia and the world at a time when the great powers and the developed world were pursuing the Cold War and bitter ideological conflict.