Since the beginning of the negotiations, discussions have focused on the scope of the negotiating mandate (including the definition of specific trade commitments) and on the possible outcomes of the negotiations. At the same time, members also began to share their national experience in negotiating and implementing trade measures under multilateral environmental agreements. While protocols appear to be the ultimate top-down governance, as they contain “rare provisions on public participation”[9], it is generally accepted that the influence of transnational networks has increased[5]. Public opinion is relevant because there is a need to worry about public measures and resources being taken. [4] It has grown since young activist Greta Thunberg launched Fridays for Future. Non-governmental organizations would also carry out certain tasks, ranging from the collection of information and the development of guidelines to the mobilization of aid. Science plays an important role, although Susskind argues that this role is sometimes reduced by uncertainty, divergences, and the rise of “opposing science.” [10] The economy can also be included with positive outcomes. The World Trade Organization participated in the MEA negotiations because of the trade impact of the agreements. The organization has trade and environmental policies that promote the protection and preservation of the environment. The aim is to reduce trade barriers and coordinate trade-related measures and environmental policies. [13] Because MEAs protect and preserve the environment, they can help ease trade restrictions. [14] WTO principles are based on non-discrimination, free trade through the reduction of trade barriers and fair competition, and THE MEAS have been rejected because they are not consistent with WTO principles.

The WTO collaborates and implements more than 350 MEAs worldwide. [Citation required] Most of the agreements concern five central countries working to improve the environment and free trade. [15] WTO members are legally bound to respect negotiated reductions in trade barriers. [15] However, conflicts have erupted due to trade restrictions. [15] Canada`s multilateral environmental agreements include air, biodiversity and ecosystems, chemicals and waste, climate change, environmental cooperation, seas and oceans, and meteorology. [17] Canada took an initiative because of the diversity of the country`s natural resources, climatic zones and populated areas, all of which can contribute to pollution. The guidelines for an MEA are defined by the participating countries. .

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