Although a number of agreements and compromises have been reached in Potsdam, important issues had not yet been resolved. Very quickly, the Soviet Union rebuilt the German Communist Party in the eastern part of Germany and began to lay the foundations for an East German nation-state, modelled on that of the USSR. Potsdam – July 1945: Germany is defeated, Roosevelt died and Churchill had lost the 1945 elections – so there were open disagreements. Truman came furious at the height of the reparations and the fact that a communist government was created in Poland. Truman did not tell Stalin that he had the atomic bomb. Despite many disagreements, Allied leaders managed to reach some agreements in Potsdam. Negotiators thus confirmed the status of Germany demilitarized and disarmed among the four zones of the Allied occupation. According to the protocol of the conference, there should be “complete disarmament and demilitarization of Germany”; all aspects of German industry that could be used for military purposes should be removed; all German military and paramilitary forces should be eliminated; and the manufacture of all military equipment in Germany was prohibited. In addition, German society should be redeveloped by the repeal of all discriminatory laws of the Nazi era and by the arrest and trial of Germans considered “war criminals” on the democratic model. The German education and judicial system should be purged of all authoritarian influence and democratic political parties would be encouraged to participate in the management of Germany at the local and national levels.
However, the re-establishment of a German national government was postponed indefinitely and the Allied Control Commission (composed of four occupying powers, the United States, Great Britain, France and the Soviet Union) would rule the country during the interregnum. Give the reasons why the Yalta agreements dissolved in Potsdam`s disagreements. The Allies met on 17 July of the same year for the Potsdam Conference. The summit, which continued until 2 August, brought together leaders from the Soviet Union, the United States and the United Kingdom. By that time Roosevelt had died and Churchill had lost the 1945 election, so there were open disagreements over the conduct of the conference. The aim of the meeting was to discuss the best way to punish Nazi Germany and to build on the thought-provoking decisions taken at the Yalta conference. One of the many agreements of the Potsdam conference was that Germans living in Poland, Hungary and Czechoslovakia at the end of World War II should be repatriated to Germany. At that time, the Soviet army occupied Poland entirely and held much of Eastern Europe with a military power three times greater than the Allied forces of the West. [Citation required] The declaration of the liberated Europe has little to do to dispel the sphere of influence of the agreements that had been incorporated into ceasefire agreements. In Potsdam, little has been agreed. The three heads of state and government at the time had many disagreements: although the conference was successful, tensions increased behind the scenes, particularly over reparations and on Poland. Each of the three heads of state and government had their own agenda for post-war Germany and liberated Europe.
Roosevelt wanted Soviet support in the American Pacific War against Japan, particularly for the planned invasion of Japan (Operation August Storm) and Soviet participation in the United Nations; Churchill insisted on free elections and democratic governments in Central and Eastern Europe (particularly Poland); Stalin called for a Soviet sphere of political influence in Central and Eastern Europe as an essential aspect of the USSR`s national security strategy.